2021高考英语词汇必须掌握的搭配(三)

快高考了,单词还没有背完,从头背起肯定来不及了,放弃不背英语恐怕直接拉闸,我该怎么办?
应急的办法,共有3种,优先级1>2>3,供大家自取,有其他方法的小伙伴,留言区指点一下大家呀~
1.至少还来得及背核心985词,距离高考还有至少60天,每天背17个词,并不难。
2. 背高考考过,但你不认识的词。既然已经没背3500词,临时抱佛脚,目的是争取阅读理解的分,而高考阅读考过的词,往往是读懂文章的关键词。
3.如果1,2都困难,至少去背一些单词,英语也是有语感的,背了一些单词后,对一些固定的词根会有大概印象,遇到不认识的单词,多少能猜出些意思。
上期:

2021高考英语词汇必须掌握的搭配(一)

2021高考英语词汇必须掌握的搭配(二)

H

be in the habit of  有……的习惯

have a / the habit of 有……的习惯

break / get out of the habit of 改掉……的习惯

develop / fall into / form / get into the habit of 养成……的习惯

at hand 即将到来;在手边

by hand 用手工

hand in hand 手拉手;连在一起地

on hand 在手头;现有

on the one hand … on the other(hand) 一方面……,另一方面

hand sb sth / hand sth to sb 递给某人某物

hand down 把……传下来

hand in 提交;交上

hand out 把……拿出来;分发

hand over 移交;交出

hang on 握住不放;不要挂断(电话)

hang out 常去某处;泡在某处

hang up 挂断(电话)

happen to do sth 碰巧做某事

happen to sb / sth (尤指不愉快的事)发生在某人 / 某物上

it (so) happens that / as it happens 碰巧;正巧

be happy to do sth 很高兴做某事

be happy for sb 为某人高兴

be happy about / with 对……满意

be hard to do sth 很难做某事

be hard for sb to do sth 某人很难做某事

hardly ever 很少;几乎从不

hardly … when 刚……就

do harm to / do … harm 伤害……;对……有害

hate doing / to do sth 讨厌做某事

hate sb to do / doing sth 讨厌 / 不喜欢某人做某事

have sb do sth 让某人做某事

have sth done 让某事被做;让他人做某事

have (got) on 穿着

have to 不得不

head for 朝……方向走

be in good / poor health 身体好 / 差

hear sb / sth do sth 听见某人 / 某物做某事

be heard to do sth 被听见做某事

hear sb / sth doing sth 听见某人 / 某物正在做某事

hear sth done 听到某事被做

hear about 听说(……的情况)

hear from 接到……的来信;得到……的消息

hear of 听说;得知

break sb s heart 使某人伤心

by heart 单凭记忆;能背诵

lose heart 灰心

with all one s heart 全心全意地

heat up 变热;加热

help (sb) with sth 帮助(某人)某事

help (to) do sth 帮忙做某事

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

cannot help (doing) sth / cannot help but do sth 忍不住做某事

help oneself (to) 自用(食物等);擅自取用(……)

help (sb) out 帮助(某人)克服困难;帮 (某人)一把

be of help 有帮助的

with sb s help / with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下;借助某人

it is helpful (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)有帮助

be helpful in doing sth ……对做某事有帮助

be helpful to sb ……对某人有益

here and there 到处;处处

here it is / here they are 给你;在这儿

here we are (我们)到了

here we go (某事)开始了

here you are 给你

sb / sth is here to do sth 某人 / 某物的职责 / 用途是做某事

think / speak highly of 对……高度评价

hold a concert / meeting / party 开演唱会 / 召开会议 / 举行聚会

hold back 抑制(感情等)

hold on 抓着……不放;坚持;[电话用语]别挂断;等一下

hold out 伸出(手 / 胳膊);递出

hold the line 别挂断;等会儿

hold up 使耽搁;阻延

catch / get / take hold of 抓住

on holiday 度假

be / feel at home 舒适自在;不拘束

do one s homework 做作业

to be honest 老实说

hope to do sth 希望做某事

in the hope of / in hopes that / in the hope that 抱着……的希望

get off one s high horse 放下架子

in (the) hospital 住院

do the housework 做家务

how about …? ……怎么样?

how can / could sb do sth? 某人怎么能做某事呢?

how come (…)? 怎么会(……的)?

hundreds of 数以百计的;许多

go hungry 挨饿

be hungry for sth 渴望……

in a / one s hurry 匆忙;急于

hurry to do sth 急于做某事

hurry up 快点;赶快

I

have / get an idea 有 / 想到一个主意

It’s a good idea to do sth 做某事是个不错的主意

have no idea 不知道/不了解

ideas about sth 对……的看法

if so 如果这样的话

become / fall / get ill 生病

imagine (sb) doing sth 想象(某人)做某事

it is important (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)很重要

it’s impossible (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)是不可能的

in one’s twenties / thirties … 在某人二十几岁时 / 三十几岁时……

increase by 增加;上涨

increase to 增加到;上涨到

on the increase 正在增加

have influence on / upon sb/sth 对……有影响

a piece of information 一则消息

information about / on 关于……的信息

instead of 代替;而不是

instructions on sth ……的说明

lose interest (in sth) (对……失去)兴趣

out of interest 出于兴趣

have an interest in 对……有兴趣

show interest in 对……表现出兴趣

take an interest in sth 对……感兴趣

be of no interest (to sb) (对某人来说)毫无趣味

places of interest 有趣的地方;名胜古迹

(be) interested to do sth 有兴趣做某事

(be) interested in (doing) sth 对做某事感兴趣

it is interesting to do sth 做某事很有趣

on the Internet 在网上

go for the job interview 参加求职面试

interview sb about sth 采访某人某事

introduce sb / sth (to sb) 把……介绍(给某人)

introduce sth (to / into sth) 把……引进……

a letter of introduction 介绍信

make the introductions 做介绍

invite sb to sth 邀请某人去……

invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

on an island 在岛上

by itself 单独地;独立地

J

a traffic jam 交通堵塞

apply for a job 申请工作

a full-time / part-time job 全职 / 兼职工作

take / leave a job 接受 / 辞去工作

get / find a job as 找到一份做……的工作

do a good / poor job 工作做得好/不好

join sb (for sth) 和某人一起(做)某事

join sb in doing sth 和某人一起做某事

join sb to do sth 和某人一起做某事

join in 参加(比赛、活动等)

tell a joke 讲笑话

play a joke on sb 开某人的玩笑

You’re joking. / You must be joking. 你在开玩笑吧。

on the journey 旅途中

go on / take on a journey 旅行

to our joy 让我们高兴的是

judge … by … 按照……评价……

jump over … 翻过……

jump into… 跳进……

jump up and down 跳来跳去

jump out of … 从……往外跳

high / long jump 跳高 / 跳远

junk food 垃圾食品

just as / like 就像,正如

just then 正在那时

just for sth 只是为了……

just to do sth 只为了做某事

just a minute / moment / second 稍等片刻

just about 几乎;差不多

just about to do sth 正要做某事;正准备做某事

just as 正当……时

just as … as 就同……一样……

just before 刚好

K

keep fit 保持健康

keep sth away 远离……

keep (sb / sth) doing sth (使某人/某物)持续做某事

keep a diary 写日记

keep sb / sth from (doing) sth 阻止某人/某物(做)某事

keep going 尽力维持下去;坚持(活)下去

keep off 避开;(使)不接近

keep on (doing sth) 持续(做某事)

keep … out (of) 遮挡;使……不进入

keep to 遵守;坚持

keep up 保持;继续

keep up with 跟上

key to (doing) sth ……是做某事的关键

kill time 消磨时间

all kinds of 各种各样的

kind of 有点儿;有几分

be kind (of sb) (to do sth) 表示感谢(某人)做某事

(be) kind to sb / sth 对……友好

fly a kite 放风筝

knocked at / on … 敲(门/窗)

knocked sth on sth 把……撞在……上

knock down 撞倒;拆除

knock into 撞在……上

knock over 打翻;撞倒

as we know 众所周知

be known as 以……而出名;被称作;被认为

be known for 因……而闻名

be known to 为……所熟知

I know 我知道;我理解

know about 了解

know of 知道;听说

you know 你知道;你要知道

gain knowledge  学到知识

have a good knowledge of 通晓……

L

land on 登上……

spoken / written / body language 口语 / 书面语 / 身势语

foreign language 外语

first / native language 母语

last but not least 最后但同样重要的

at last 最终;最后

too late 太晚;太迟

later on 以后;过后

no / not later than 不晚于;不迟于

sooner or later 迟早

laugh at 嘲笑;取笑

break the law 违法

lay the table 摆好餐具

lead to 导致

lead sb to do sth 致使某人做某事

lead a … life 过(……的生活)

in the lead 领先

learn (sth) from 从……中学习……

learn about / of 得知……

learn … by heart 记熟;把……背下来

at (the) least 至少;起码

leave for 出发

leave sb / sth doing sth 让……一直做 / 持续……

leave a message 留口信

leave behind 把……丢在后面;留下;忘带

leave out 遗漏;冷落

(be) left over 剩下;留下

lend sb sth / lend sth to sb 借给某人某物

lend (sb) a hand 帮助(某人)

have / take a lesson (学生)上课

give a lesson (老师)上课

teach sb a lesson 给某人一个教训

less and less 越来越少 / 小

less (…) than 少于;不超过

let sb / sth do sth 让 / 允许……做……

let’s do sth 咱们做某事吧

let down 使失望;辜负

let off 饶恕;放过

let out 发出(声音等)

mail / post a letter 寄信

write / receive a letter 写 / 收信

get a letter from… 收到……来信

capital / small letter 大 / 小写字母

lie down 躺下

live a happy life 过着幸福的生活

way of life 生活方式

all one s life 一生

bring …(back) to life 使……苏醒;使……复活

come to life 苏醒过来;变得活跃

give sb a lift 让……搭车

turn on / off a light 开 / 关灯

light music 轻音乐

light up 照亮;喜形于色

like (sb) doing / to do sth 喜欢(某人)做某事

would like (sb) to do sth 想要(某人)做某事

How do you like …? 你(们)认为……怎么样?

I’d like to. 我愿意。

if you like 如果你愿意

feel / look / seem / sound like 感觉 / 看起来 / 听起来 / 像……

What’s … like? ……怎么样?

likes and dislikes 好恶

be likely to do sth 有可能做某事

time / speed limit 时间 / 速度限制

stand / wait / cut in line 站队 / 排队等候 / 插队

on line 在线;在网上

line up 排成行 / 队

a little [表示肯定含义]少量;有点儿

little by little 逐渐地;一点点地

live a … life 过……生活

live by 靠……过活

live on 以……为食;靠……生活;继续存在

live through 经历……而幸存;度过

live together 在一起生活

living room 起居室;客厅

make a living 谋生

as / so long as 只要

before long 很快;不久

for (so) long 长久地;长时间地

no longer / not … any longer 不再

long for 渴望……

long (for sb) to do sth 渴望(某人)做某事

look after 照顾;照看

look ahead 向前看;展望未来

look around / round 四下环顾;四处看看

look back 回头看;回忆;回顾

look down on / upon 轻视;看不起

look for 寻找

look forward to (doing) sth 盼望 / 期待(做)某事

look into 观察;调查

look out (for) 当心;提防

look over 检查;查看

look through 浏览

look up 抬头看;(在词典、计算机等中)查阅

look up to 钦佩;尊敬

lose interest / hope 失去兴趣 / 希望

lose one’s way 迷路;迷失方向

lose oneself in 专心于;全神贯注于

(be) lost in 沉浸于;专注于

a lot 大量;许多;[修饰动词]非常;经常;[修饰形容词、副词比较级]……得很;……得多

a lot of / lots of [接可数名词或不可数名词]很多;许多

parking lot 停车场

be in love (with) (与……)相爱;喜爱

fall in love (with) 爱上

love doing / to do sth 喜欢 / 热爱做某事

would love (…) to do sth 想要(……)做某事

Good luck to you! / Wish you good luck! 祝你好运!

(be) lucky to do sth 做某事很幸运

it is lucky (for sb) (that) 幸运的是

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